SAOCOM (Argentinean Microwave Earth Observation Satellite) is a system made of two Earth Observation satellites from the Argentinean Space Agency, CONAE. They will both carry an L-band synthetic aperture polarimetric radar.
The SIASGE, the Italo-Argentine Satellite System for Emergency Management, will consist of two SAOCOM satellites provided by CONAE and four satellites of the Italian COSMO-SkyMed constellation, by the Italian Space Agency (ASI).
This set of satellites shall be used to obtain accurate and updated information of fires, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, avalanches, landslides and mudslides.
The 6 satellites shall be placed at the same altitude/height in polar orbits, on different orbital planes, so that the whole set works as one instrument with a huge vision width over the Earth. This shall enable a monitoring in almost real time, since the information shall be updated every 12 hours, which is particularly necessary for the monitoring and tracking of disaster evolution.
As a continuity of the SIASGE, in May 2016, the principals of the Argentinean and Italian Agencies signed a Letter of Intention expressing the interest of CONAE and ASI in enhancing and strengthen their bilateral cooperation in terms of science, research and space technology for peaceful purposes and particularly in the prevention and management of emergencies. The document will give rise to the creation of a new version of the Italo-Argentine Satellite System for Emergency Management, which will be called SIASGE II.