The Space Information area for Emergencies, pointed out by the National Space Program as one of the priority areas of space information applications, involves the monitoring and tracking of natural or anthropogenic emergencies and disasters.
The emergency management implies a series of stages or steps embracing early warning, planning prior to the disaster, preparedness and forecasting, response and assistance, recovery and reconstruction. Every stage demand an intensive information input. The space technology - such as telecommunications, Earth Observations, meteorology and global positioning- plays an important role in the supply of said information which, combined with other relevant georeferenced data (geographical information systems- GIS), enables the acquisition of risk maps and the identification under disaster areas.
CONAE makes the spatial information acquired through its ground stations available to the official institutions in charge of the emergency response actions (Resolution 341/98).
Since 2003, the National Commission for Space Activities is part of the International Charter "Space & Major Disasters", a unified system for the acquisition and delivery of space data through authorized users, to help mitigating the effects caused by the natural or anthopogenic disasters, anywhere on the planet (see www.disasterscharter.org).